Gold medal which Nobel Prize laureates receive.

The Nobel Prize in Literature (often referred to as the Nobel Prize for Literature) is a prestigious international prize awarded annually to authors in recognition of their outstanding bodies of literary work. It is one of the five prizes established by the Swedish chemist and inventor Alfred Nobel (1833–1896) in his will.

Each year, the laureate is selected in October by the Nobel Committee of the Swedish Academy from a long list of candidates - usually about 200 nominations - received by the February 1 deadline. The laureate receives a gold medal and a diploma in addition to a large sum of money for the prize at a ceremony held in Stockholm.

With the exception of eight years (1914, 1918, 1935, 1940–1943 and 2018), the prize has been awarded continuously since 1901. In 1904, the prize was jointly awarded to the Spanish author José Echegaray and the French author Frédéric Mistral. In 1917, it was jointly awarded to the Danish authots Karl Adolph Gjellerup and Henrik Pontoppidian. In 1966, it was jointly awarded to the Israeli author Shmuel Yosef Agnon and the German-born Swedish author Nelly Sachs. In 1974, it was jointly awarded to the Swedish authors Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson. Although no prize was awarded in the year 2018, a winner for 2018 was officially named on October 10, 2019, at the same time that the 2019 winner was announced.

The Nobel Prize in Literature was declined by the Soviet writer Boris Pasternak in 1958 and by the French author Jean-Paul Sartre in 1966.


Year Winner
2020 Louise Glück circa 1977.jpg Louise Glück (Flag of the United States.svg United States)
2019 Peter-handke.jpg Peter Handke (Flag of Austria.svg Austria)
2018 Olga Tokarczuk (2018).jpg Olga Tokarczuk (Flag of Poland.svg Poland)
2017 Kazuo Ishiguro by Kubik.JPG Kazuo Ishiguro (Flag of Japan.svg Japan/Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom)
2016 Bob Dylan - Azkena Rock Festival 2010 2.jpg Bob Dylan (Flag of the United States.svg United States)
2015 Swetlana Alexijewitsch 2013 cropped.jpg Svetlana Alexievich (Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus)
2014 Patrick Modiano 6 dec 2014 - 11.jpg Patrick Modiano (Flag of France.svg France)
2013 Alice Munro.jpg Alice Munro (Flag of Canada.svg Canada)
2012 Mo Yan 1 2012.jpg Mo Yan (Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China)
2011 Transtroemer.jpg Tomas Tranströmer (Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden)
2010 Mario Vargas Llosa089.JPG Mario Vargas Llosa (Flag of Peru.svg Peru/Flag of Spain.svg Spain)
2009 Herta Muller.jpg Herta Müller (Flag of Romania (1965–1989).svg Romania/Flag of Germany.svg Germany)
2008 Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-2.jpg Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio (Flag of France.svg France/Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius)
2007 Doris Lessing 3.jpg Doris Lessing (State flag of Persia (1907–1933).svg Iran/Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom)
2006 Orhan Pamuk redux.jpg Orhan Pamuk (Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey)
2005 HaroldPinter.jpg Harold Pinter (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom)
2004 Elfriede jelinek 2004 small.jpg Elfriede Jelinek (Flag of Austria.svg Austria)
2003 J.M. Coetzee.JPG John M. Coetzee (Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa)
2002 Kertész Imre cropped.jpg Imre Kertész (Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary)
2001 VS Naipaul 2016 Dhaka.jpg V.S. Naipaul (Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago/Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom)
2000 Gao Xingjian.jpg Gao Xingjian (Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China/Flag of France.svg France)
1999 GRASSFFM.jpg Günter Grass (Flag of Germany.svg Germany)
1998 JSJoseSaramago.jpg José Saramago (Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal)
1997 Dario Fo-Cesena.jpg Dario Fo (Flag of Italy.svg Italy)
1996 Szymborska 2011 (1).jpg Wisława Szymborska (Flag of Poland.svg Poland)
1995 Seamus Heaney (cropped).jpg Seamus Heaney (Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland)
1994 Oe Kenzaburo 1-2.jpg Kenzaburō Ōe (Flag of Japan.svg Japan)
1993 Toni Morrison 2008-2.jpg Toni Morrison (Flag of the United States.svg United States)
1992 Derek Walcott.jpg Derek Walcott (Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint Lucia)
1991 Nadine Gordimer 01.JPG Nadine Gordimer (Flag of South Africa (1928–1994).svg South Africa)
1990 Paz0.jpg Octavio Paz (Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico)
1989 Camilo José Cela Madrid 1996.jpg Camilo José Cela (Flag of Spain.svg Spain)
1988 Necip Mahfuz.jpg Naguib Mahfouz (Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt)
1987 Joseph Brodsky 1988.jpg Joseph Brodsky (Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union/Flag of the United States.svg United States)
1986 WoleSoyinka2015.jpg Wole Soyinka (Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria)
1985 Claude Simon 1967.jpg Claude Simon (Flag of France.svg French Madagascar/France)
1984 Jaroslav Seifert 1981 foto Hana Hamplová.jpg Jaroslav Seifert (Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia)
1983 William Golding 1983.jpg William Golding (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom)
1982 Gabriel Garcia Marquez.jpg Gabriel García Márquez (Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia)
1981 Elias Canetti 2.jpg Elias Canetti (Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria/Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom)
1980 Czesław Miłosz 1986 (alt).jpg Czesław Miłosz (Flag of Poland.svg Poland)
1979 Odysseas Elytis 1974.jpg Odysseas Elytis (Flag of Greece.svg Greece)
1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer (upright) crop.jpg Isaac Bashevis Singer (Flag of Poland.svg Poland/Flag of the United States.svg United States)
1977 Vicente Aleixandre.jpg Vicente Aleixandre (Flag of Spain (1945–1977).svg Spain)
1976 Saul Bellow.jpg Saul Bellow (Flag of Canada.svg Canada/Flag of the United States.svg United States)
1975 Eugenio Montale.jpg Eugenio Montale (Flag of Italy.svg Italy)
1974 Eyvind.JPG Eyvind Johnson (Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden)
1974 Harry Martinson.jpg Harry Martinson (Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden)
1973 Patrick White 1973.jpg Patrick White (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom/Flag of Australia.svg Australia)
1972 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F062164-0004, Bonn, Heinrich Böll.jpg Heinrich Böll (Flag of Germany.svg West Germany)
1971 Pablo Neruda 1963.jpg Pablo Neruda (Flag of Chile.svg Chile)
1970 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1974crop.jpg Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union)
1969 Samuel Beckett, f11.jpg Samuel Beckett (Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland)
1968 Yasunari Kawabata c1932.jpg Kawabata Yasunari (Flag of Japan.svg Japan)
1967 Asturiasisrael.jpg Miguel Ángel Asturias (Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala)
1966 Agnon.jpg Shmuel Yosef Agnon (Flag of Israel.svg Israel)
1966 Nelly Sachs 1966.jpg Nelly Sachs (Flag of Germany.svg Germany/Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden)
1965 Михаил Александрович Шолохов.jpg Mikhail Sholokov (Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union)
1964 Jean-Paul Sartre FP.JPG Jean-Paul Sartre (Flag of France.svg France)
1963 Giorgos Seferis 1963.jpg Giorgos Seferis (Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg Greece)
1962 JohnSteinbeck crop.JPG John Steinbeck (Flag of the United States.svg United States)
1961 S. Kragujevic, Ivo Andric, 1961.jpg Ivo Andrić (Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslavia)
1960 Saint-John Perse 1960.jpg Saint-John Perse (Flag of France.svg France)
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo 1959.jpg Salvatore Quasimodo (Flag of Italy.svg Italy)
1958 The Soviet Union 1990 CPA 6257 stamp (Nobel laureate in Literature Boris Pasternak. A scene based on the novel Doctor Zhivago) small resolution.jpg Boris Pasternak (Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union)
1957 Camus3.jpg Albert Camus (Flag of France.svg French Algeria/France)
1956 JRJimenez.JPG Juan Ramón Jiménez (Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Spain/Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico)
1955 Laxness portrett einar hakonarson 1984.jpg Halldór Laxness (Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland)
1954 Ernest Hemingway 1950 crop.jpg Ernest Hemingway (Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States)
1953 Sir Winston S Churchill.jpg Winston Churchill (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom)
1952 François Mauriac 1952.jpg François Mauriac (Flag of France.svg France)
1951 Lagerkvist.jpg Pär Lagerkvist (Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden)
1950 Bertrand Russell transparent bg.png Bertrand Russell (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom)
1949 Carl Van Vechten - William Faulkner.jpg William Faulkner (Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States)
1948 T.S. Eliot, 1923.JPG T.S. Eliot (US 38 Star Flag concentric circles.svg United States/Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom)
1947 André Gide 1947.jpg André Gide (Flag of France.svg France)
1946 Hermann Hesse 1927 Photo Gret Widmann.jpg Hermann Hesse (Flag of Germany.svg Germany/Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland)
1945 Gabriela Mistral-01.jpg Gabriela Mistral (Flag of Chile.svg Chile)
1944 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen 1944.jpg Johannes Vilhelm Jensen (Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark)
1943 No prize awarded
1942 No prize awarded
1941 No prize awarded
1940 No prize awarded
1939 FransSillanpaa02.jpg Frans Eemil Sillanpää (Flag of Finland.svg Finland)
1938 PearlSBuck.jpg Pearl S. Buck (Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States)
1937 Roger Martin du Gard 1937.jpg Roger Martin du Gard (Flag of France.svg France)
1936 Eugene O'Neill 1936.jpg Eugene O'Neiill Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States)
1935 No prize awarded
1934 Luigi Pirandello 1932.jpg Luigi Pirandello (Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy)
1933 Ivan Bunin (sepia).jpg Ivan Bunin (Flag of Russia.svg Russian Empire/Flag of France.svg France)
1932 John galsworthy.jpg John Galsworthy (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom)
1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt 1931.jpg Erik Axel Karlfedt (Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden)
1930 Sinclair Lewis 1930.jpg Sinclair Lewis (Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States)
1929 Thomas Mann 1929.jpg Thomas Mann (Flag of Germany.svg Germany)
1928 Sigrid Undset crop.jpg Sigrid Undset (Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark/Flag of Norway.svg Norway)
1927 Henri Bergson (Nobel).jpg Henri Bergson (Flag of France.svg France)
1926 Grazia Deledda 1926.jpg Grazia Deledda (Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy)
1925 G Bernard Shaw.jpg George Bernard Shaw (Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland)
1924 Wladyslaw Reymont 1924.jpg Władysław Reymont (Flag of Poland.svg Poland)
1923 William Butler Yeats 1.jpg W.B. Yeats (Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland)
1922 Jacinto Benavente.jpg Jacinto Benavente (Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Spain)
1921 AnatoleFrance.JPG Anatole France (Flag of France.svg France)
1920 Knut Hamsun.jpeg Knut Hamsun (Flag of Norway.svg Norway)
1919 Carl spitteler 1905.jpg Carl Spitteler (Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland)
1918 No prize awarded
1917 Henrik Pontoppidan 1917.jpg Henrik Pontoppidan (Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark)
1917 Karl Gjellerup.jpg Karl Adolph Gjellerup (Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark)
1916 Johan Krouthén - Porträtt av Verner von Heidenstam.jpg Verner von Heidenstam (Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden)
1915 Romain Rolland 1915.jpg Roman Rolland (Flag of France.svg France)
1914 No prize awarded
1913 Rabindranath Tagore in 1909.jpg Rabindranath Tagore (British Raj Red Ensign.svg India)
1912 Gerhart Hauptmann nobel.jpg Gerhart Hauptmann (Flag of Germany (1867–1918).svg German Empire)
1911 Maurice Maeterlinck.jpg Maurice Maeterlinck (Flag of Belgium.svg Belgium)
1910 Adolf Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel 042.jpg Paul von Heyse (Flag of Germany (1867–1918).svg German Empire)
1909 Selma henry b goodwin.jpg Selma Lagerlöf (Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden)
1908 Rudolf Christoph Eucken.jpg Rudolph Christoph Eucken (Flag of Germany (1867–1918).svg German Empire)
1907 RudyardKipling1880s.jpg Rudyard Kipling (British Raj Red Ensign.svg India/Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom)
1906 Carducci.jpg Giosuè Carducci (Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg Italy)
1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz.jpg Henryk Sienkiewicz (Military ensign of Vistula Flotilla of Congress Poland.svg Poland)
1904 Clement-Frederic-Mistral.jpg Frédéric Mistral (Flag of France.svg France)
1904 JoseEchegaray.jpg José Echegaray (Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Spain)
1903 Bjornson.jpg Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson (Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905).svg Norway)
1902 T-mommsen-2.jpg Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen (Flag of Germany (1867–1918).svg German Empire)
1901 Sully-Prudhomme.jpg Sully Prudhomme (Flag of France.svg France)

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